Books by Jose Marti, Escenas Norteamericanas, Nuestra América, Nuestra America, Cuba: Política y Revolución, La edad de oro, Obras completas, Cuba, Norteamericanos. Download DAISY · Cover of: Versos sencillos. Obras Completas [Jose Marti] on Obras Completas Hardcover – Get your site here, or download a FREE site Reading App. Nuestra America José Martí Obras Completas Volume 8 La Habana [José Martí] on Get your site here, or download a FREE site Reading App.

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Jose Marti () epitomized Latin American nationalism of the nineteenth This content downloaded from on Sat, 06 Jul UTC .. "Martien su obra," in Jose Marti,Obras Completas (Havana, ), 1, 9. Born in La Habana on January 28, , of Spanish parents, Jose Marti . Obras . Completas, Vol. 19, p. This content downloaded from on. Obras Completas. By José Martí. Edición conmemorativa del Cincuentenario de su muerte. (Habana: Editorial Lex, 2 vols., pp. xxxi,

Berkeley: University of California Press, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, CrossRef Google Scholar —.

Google Scholar Jackson, Helen Hunt. New York: Signet, Google Scholar Jacobs, Margaret. Google Scholar James, George Wharton. Boston: Little, Brown, Google Scholar Johnson, Benjamin. Google Scholar Lape, Noreen Groover. Athens: Ohio University Press, Sonora: historia de la vida cotidiana. Hermosillo: Sociedad Sonorense de Historia, Google Scholar Luis-Brown, David. Obras completas 8, — La Habana: Editorial Nacional de Cuba, Obras completas 10, — Obras completas 7, 50— Obras completas 7, 45— Fuentes de la cultura latinoamericana.

Leopoldo Zea, — Obras completas. Translated by John D. Obras completas 24, — Google Scholar Mathes, Valerie Sherer. Google Scholar Mignolo, Walter.

José Martí

Google Scholar Ortega Noriega, Sergio. Google Scholar Ortiz, Fernando. Google Scholar Paz, Ireneo.

Google Scholar Paz, Octavio. El laberinto de la soledad. Google Scholar Powell, Timothy. Google Scholar Radding, Cynthia.

Google Scholar Sommer, Doris. Google Scholar Starr, Kevin. Inventing the Dream. No armored prow can smash through a cloud of ideas. A vital idea brandished before the world at the right moment like the mystic banner of Judgment Day can stop a fleet of battleships. Nations that remain strangers must rush to know one another, like soldiers about to go into battle together.

Those who once shook their fists at each other like jealous brothers quarreling over who has the bigger house or who owns a plot of land must now grip each other so tightly that their two hands become one. A man of honor does not collect a debt of honor in money, at so much per slap. We can no longer be a village of leaves fluttering in the air, crowned in flowers, creaking and buzzing under the caress of capricious sunlight or thrashed and felled by tempests.

The trees must line up to block the giant in his seven-league boots. The hour to muster and march in unison is upon us and our ranks must be as compact as the veins of silver in the depths of the Andes.

We must load up the ships with these termites that gnaw away at the core of the patria that nurtured them.

These scoundrels who disown their sick mother and leave her alone in her sickbed! Who is more truly a man? One who stays with his mother to nurse her through her illness? Did Washington, the founder of their nation, go off to live in England when he saw the English marching against his land? But these incredible creatures drag their honor across foreign soil like the incroyables of the French Revolution who danced, primped, and dragged out their Rs.

Never before have such advanced and unified nations been created so rapidly from elements so disparate. The incapacity lies not in the nascent country, which demands forms appropriate to itself and a grandeur that is useful to it, but in those who wish to govern unique populaces, singularly and violently composed, by laws inherited from four centuries of free practice in the United States and nineteen centuries of monarchy in France.

It is, rather, one who knows what elements his own country is made up of, and how best to marshal them so as to achieve, by means and institutions arising from the country itself, that desirable state in which every man knows himself and exercises his talents, and all enjoy the abundance that Nature, for the good of all, has bestowed on the land they make fruitful by their labor and defend with their lives. The government must arise from the country. The native mestizo has triumphed over the exotic criollo.

The battle is not between civilization and barbarity [4] but between false erudition and nature. He is prepared to use force to regain the respect of anyone who has wounded his sensibilities or harmed his interests. The republics have cured the former tyrannies of their inability to know the true elements of the country, derive the form of government from them, and govern along with them.

Governor, in a new nation, means Creator. The uneducated masses are lazy and timid in matters of the intellect and want to be well-governed, but if a government injures them they shake it off and govern themselves. Our young men go out into the world wearing Yankee- or French-colored glasses, and aspire to govern by guesswork over a country about which they know nothing. Men who are unacquainted with the rudiments of politics should be barred from a career in politics.

Knowing those factors, without blinkers or circumlocution, will suffice. Anyone who deliberately or unknowingly sets aside a part of the truth will ultimately fail because of that missing truth, which expands, under such neglect, to bring down whatever was built without it.

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Solving a problem in full knowledge of its elements is easier than solving it without knowing them. To know is to solve.

To know the country and govern it in accordance with that knowledge is the only way to free it from tyranny. The European university must yield to the American university.

Our own Greece is preferable to the Greece that is not ours: we need it more. Statesmen who arise from the nation must replace statesmen who are alien to it.

Let the world be grafted onto our republics, but we must be the trunk. And all the vanquished pedants can hold their tongues: there is no patria a man can take greater pride in than our long-suffering American republics. Our feet upon a rosary, our faces white-skinned, and our bodies a motley of Indian and criollo, we boldly entered the community of nations.

A priest, [5] a few lieutenants and a woman [6] built a republic in Mexico upon the shoulders of the Indians. A Spanish cleric, [7] under cover of his priestly cape, taught French liberty to a handful of magnificent students who chose a Spanish general to lead Central America against Spain. Still accustomed to monarchy, but with the sun blazing in their chests, the Venezuelans to the north and the Argentines to the south set out to build nations. Exalted and unanimous sentiments are more readily governed than the divergent, arrogant, ambitious, and foreign ideas that emerge when the battle is over.

The hierarchical character of the colonies resisted the democratic organization of the republic. The capital city, in its elegant cravat, left the countryside, in its horsehide boots, waiting at the door.

Deformed by three centuries of a rule that denied men the right to exercise their reason, and overlooking or refusing to listen to the ignorant masses that helped it redeem itself, the continent entered into new kind of government based on reason— which should have meant the reason of all directed towards things of concern to all, and not the university-schooled reason of the few imposed upon the rustic reason of others. The problem with independence was not the change in form, but the change in spirit.

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Common cause had to be made with the oppressed, in order to consolidate a system that opposed the interests and governmental habits of the oppressor. But the tiger frightened away by the flash of gunfire will creep back in the night to find his prey.

Obras de José Martí

He will die with flames shooting from his eyes, his claws unsheathed, but now his step is inaudible for he comes on velvet paws, and when the prey awakens, the tiger is upon him. The colony lived on in the republic. The tiger lurks behind every tree, crouches in every corner.

He will die, his claws unsheathed, flames shooting from his eyes. Through the serene harmony of nature, the genius of moderation seems to be prevailing on the continent of light.

The Indian circled us mutely and went to the mountaintop to christen his children. The campesinos, men of the land, creators, rose up in blind indignation against the disdainful city, their own creation.

What we had were the judge, the general, the man of letters, and the cleric. Our angelic youth, as if struggling to escape the grasping tentacles of an octopus, cast their minds into the heavens and fell back in sterile glory, crowned in clouds.He insisted on the necessity of building institutions and laws that matched the natural elements of each country, and recalled the failure of the applications of French and American civil codes in the new Latin American republics.

Anyone who deliberately or unknowingly sets aside a part of the truth will ultimately fail because of that missing truth, which expands, under such neglect, to bring down whatever was built without it. Download nh?

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